J Jayalalithaa Biography Age, Family, Early Life, Education, Film, Career, Political Career, Controversies, Death, Award And Honours, Personal Information
Jayaram Jayalalithaa was an Indian politician and film actress who served four times as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for over 14 years between 1991 and 2016. From 9 February 1989.she was the general secretary of the All India Anna dravida munnetra kazhagam, a Dravidian party whose card reward her as their Amma (mother) and puratchi thalaivi (Revolutionary leader).
Her critics in the media and the opposition accused her of fostering a personality Cult and of demanding absolute loyalty from aiadmk legislators and ministers who often publicly prostrated themselves before her.
Early Life, Education And Family
She was born on 24 February 1948 as komalavalli at Melukote, Pandavapura Taluk, Mandya District, then in Mysore state (now Karnataka) to Jayaram and Vedavalli in Tamil Brahmin family. The name Jayalalitha was adopted at the age of 14 for the purpose of using the name in school and colleges it was drive from the names of two houses where she resident in Mysore one was jayavilas and the other Lalita Villas per paternal grandfather Narsimha rangachari was in the service of the Mysore kingdom as a surgeon and served as the court physician of Maharaja krishnaraja Wadiyar IV.
Her father was a lawyer but never worked and squandered most of the family’s wealth, he died when Jayalalitha was two years old. Her mother returned to her father’s home in Bangalore in 1950. Her younger sister Ambujavalli had moved to Madras working as an air hostess. She also started acting in drama and films using the screen name vijayavathy. Jayalalitha remained under the care of her mother’s sister Padma velly and maternal grandparents from 1950 to 1958 in Mysore due to which her mother also started acting. In Bangalore Jayalalitha attended Bishop Cotton Girls School Bangalore. After her aunt Padma wali married in 1958 Lalita mode to Madras and began to live with her mother she completed her education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School.
She won gold state award for coming first in 10th standard in the state of Tamil Nadu she joined Stella Maris College Chennai however this continued his studies due pressure from her mother and become a film actress. She was fluent in several languages including Tamil, Arabic, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi,Malayalam and English. Jayalalitha adopted the c-class nephew Sudhakaran in 1995 and was honoured him in 1996.
Jayalalitha was trained in various forms of classical dance including Bharatanatyam, Kuchipudi, mohiniyattam, Manipuri and Kathak. While a child, Jayalalitha acted in the Kannada language film Sri Shaila Mahathme in 1961 which had Rajkumar and Krishna Kumari in Lead roles. She played Krishna in a 3-minute dance sequence held on stage in the Hindi film Manmauji in 1962.
Kannada film director Panthulu decided to cast Jayalalitha opposite Kalyan Kumar in the Kannada movie Chinnada Gombe. After completing the shooting Jayalalitha had forgotten all about films and attend classes at Stella Maris as she had the ambition to be a lawyer but the Kannada debut film became a blockbuster in 1964 and she became a well-known face.
She made her debut in Tamil theatre in April 1964 when she played a sales girl in the drama. She debuted in Tamil cinema in the leading role in Vennira Aadai in 1965. Har last Telugu release was Nayakudu vinayakudu which was released in 1980 and she was the first heroine to appear in skirts in Tamil films. She acted in one Hindi film called Izzat with Dharmendra in 1968.She starred in 28 box office hit films with MG Ramachandran between 1955 and 1973.
She donated Gold jewellery she had to the then Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri during the indo-pakistani war of 1965. She had 11 successful releases in Tamil in 1966.
In 1981 she joined the AIADMK which was founded by MGR. In 1983 she became propaganda secretary for the party and campaigned extensively For the Party candidate in the by-election for the Tiruchendur assembly constituency. Later when MGR fell ill he campaigned extensively for the party before the 1984 Tamil Nadu legislative assembly election.
At the age of 41 she entered the Assembly successfully contesting the subsequent 1989 elections on the basis of being MGR political heir. 25 March 1989 as claimed by the party and a section of the members present in the Assembly, amidst heavy violence inside the house among the ruling DMK party members and opposition Jayalalitha was brutally attacked by the ruling DMK members in front of the Assembly Speaker on the behest of them Chief Minister Karunanidhi. Jayalalitha left the Assembly with her torn saree drawing a parallel with the shameful disrobing of Draupadi in the epic Mahabharata.
At the peak of the situation Jayalalitha was about to leave the house she walked to not enter the house until as “a chief minister”
In 1991 following The Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi days before the election her Alliance with the Indian National Congress enabled her to ride the wave of sympathy that gave the coalition victory the aiadmk alliance with the Congress won 225 out of 234 contested and won all 39 constituencies in the centre, reelected to the Assembly she became the state’s youngest Chief Minister and the first woman to serve a full terms serving from 24 June 1991 to 12 may 1996. There was several corruption cases field against her by the ruling DMK government headed by Karunanidhi Jayalalitha was arrested on 7 December 1996 and was remanded to 30 days judicial custody in connection with the colour TV scam.
Again Chief Minister In 2001
In 2001 the AIADMK won a majority and she was installed as chief minister as a non elected member of the state assembly on 14 may 2001. In March 2002 Jaylalithaa resumed the position of chief minister once more. India’s first company or female police commandos was set up in tamil nadu in 2003. After an adult period in the opposition, Jayalalitha was sworn in as chief minister for the fourth time after the AIADMK swept the 2011 assembly election.
Illness And Death
On 22nd September 2016 she was admitted to Apollo hospital in Chennai as she was suffering from infection and acute dehydration. She was also said to be suffering from several pulmonary infections and septicemia which were cured. On 4 December 2016 she was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit after suffering a cardiac arrest around 16:45
The hospital released a Press statement stating that her condition was very critical and she had no life support. On 5 December 2016 the hospital announced her death and she became the first female Chief Minister to die in office in India.
Followers of Jayalalithaa often worshipped her as a divine being. she is stimulated a Cult following and adoring supporters often termed her Adi Parashakti (the eternal Mighty goddess).